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Validation of Malay and Chinese Version of Irrational Beliefs Measure

05 February 2018

The Irrational Performance Beliefs Inventory (iPBI) measures irrational thoughts in sports & performance settings, designed for a UK population. This study seeks to validate the Malay & Mandarin versions of the iPBI for use in Malaysia & Singapore. Successful validation has potential benefits for athletes of all levels in both countries. For concurrent validity, participants are also asked to complete the Shortened General Attitude & Belief Scale & the State-Trait Personality Inventory.


  • Residing in Malaysia or Singapore.
  • Age 18 and above.
  • Familiarity with Malay or Mandarin.

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Ethical approval

This study has been approved by the Staffordshire University Sport & Exercise Psychology Post-graduate Dissertation Approval Committee on 14 March 2017.

About the researcher

Researcher: Michael Wong, MSc (Sport & Exercise Psychology)
Supervisor: Dr. Martin Turner, Staffordshire University

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Academic study

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